Centuryplant - Agave sp
Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Order: Asparagales Family: Asparagaceae Subfamily: Agavoideae Genus: Agave Species: A. americana Binomial name Agave americana Synonyms Agave altissima Zumagl. Agave americana var. marginata Trel. Agave americana var. mediopicta Trel. Agave americana var. picta (Salm-Dyck) A.Terracc. Agave americana f. picta (Salm-Dyck) Voss Agave americana var. striata Trel. Agave americana var. subtilis (Trel.) Valenz.-Zap. & Nabhan Agave americana var. theometel (Zuccagni) A.Terracc. Agave americana var. variegata Hook. Agave americana f. virginica Voss Agave communis Gaterau Agave complicata Trel. ex Ochot. Agave cordillerensis Lodé & Pino Agave felina Trel. Agave fuerstenbergii Jacobi Agave gracilispina (Rol.-Goss.) Engelm. ex Trel. Agave ingens A.Berger Agave melliflua Trel. Agave milleri Haw. Agave ornata Jacobi Agave picta Salm-Dyck Agave ramosa Moench Agave salmiana var. gracilispina Rol.-Goss Agave subtilis Trel. Agave subzonata Trel. Agave theometel Zuccagni Agave variegata Steud. Agave virginica Mill. 1768, non L. 1753 Agave zonata Trel. Agave americana in bloom in Portugal. The flower stalk may reach up to 8 m (26 ft) in height Agave americana, common names centuryplant, maguey, or American aloe, is a species of flowering plant in the family Agavaceae, originally native to Mexico, and the United States in Arizona and Texas. Today, it is cultivated worldwide as an ornamental plant. It has become naturalized in many regions including the West Indies, parts of South America, the southern Mediterranean Basin, parts of Africa, India, China, Thailand, Australia. Despite the common name "American aloe", it is not closely related to plants in the genus Aloe. Description Although it is called the century plant, it typically lives only 10 to 30 years. It has a spread of about 6–10 ft (1.8–3.0 m) with gray-green leaves of 3–5 ft (0.9–1.5 m) long, each with a prickly margin and a heavy spike at the tip that can pierce to the bone. Near the end of its life, the plant sends up a tall, branched stalk, laden with yellow blossoms, that may reach a total height of up to 25–30 ft (8–9 m) tall. Its common name derives from its semelparous nature of flowering only once at the end of its long life. The plant dies after flowering, but produces suckers or adventitious shoots from the base, which continue its growth. Taxonomy and naming Agave americana was one of the many species described by Carl Linnaeus in the 1753 edition of Species Plantarum, with the binomial name that is still used today. Cultivation Agave americana is cultivated as an ornamental plant for the large dramatic form of mature plants - for modernist, drought tolerant, and desert style cactus gardens - among many planted settings. It is often used in hot climates and where drought conditions occur. The plants can be evocative of 18th-19th-century Spanish colonial and Mexican provincial eras in the Southwestern United States, California, and xeric Mexico.