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Scientific classification

Kingdom: Plantae

(unranked): Eudicots

(unranked): Asterids

Order: Solanales

Family: Solanaceae

Genus: Capsicum

Species: C. annuum

Binomial name

Capsicum annuum


C. a. var. annuum

C. a. var. glabriusculum[1]

Capsicum annuum var. bola (aka var. ñora)

Capsicum annuum is a species of the plant genus Capsicum native to southern North America and northern South America.[1][4] This species is the most common and extensively cultivated of the five domesticated capsicums. The species encompasses a wide variety of shapes and sizes of peppers, both mild and hot, ranging from bell peppers to chili peppers. Cultivars are descended from the wild American bird pepper still found in warmer regions of the Americas.[5] In the past some woody forms of this species have been called C. frutescens, but the features that were used to distinguish those forms appear in many populations of C. annuum and there is no consistently recognizable C. frutescens species.

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